Healthy Foods and Vitamins

Benefits of Folic Acid Pills

Folic acid is one of the types of B vitamins, where folic acid is called vitamin B9. This vitamin is found in the form of folate in natural sources, while folic acid is available in its synthetic form.

Benefits of folic acid pills

Folic acid is important for humans; As it contributes to many functions in the body, it is also important for the proper development of the human body.

Benefits of Folic Acid Pills

Folic acid has many benefits for the body, especially it is important for pregnant women. As its deficiency during pregnancy may lead to congenital malformations in the brain or spinal cord of the fetus, and folic acid is necessary for the production of red blood cells, in addition to deoxyribonucleic acid (in English: DNA) and ribonucleic acid (in English: RNA), in addition to that, folic acid is important in the process of cell division and development, and the benefits of folic acid.

Reducing the risk of autism: One study noted that normal folic acid levels in pregnant women during pregnancy may reduce the risk of the child developing autism spectrum disease (in English: Autism spectrum) in women who suffer from disorders in folate metabolism (in English: Folate metabolism). But more studies are still needed to prove this.

Reducing the risk of developing a cleft lip or cleft palate: It has been observed that taking folic acid pills during pregnancy reduces the chances of giving birth to a child with a cleft lip or cleft palate.

Alleviating the symptoms associated with medications that treat rheumatoid arthritis: People with rheumatoid arthritis use a medication called methotrexate, which leads to the loss of folate from the body, and this loss may cause digestive system disorders at 20. -65% of people, so people who use this medicine are advised to take folic acid supplements, after consulting a doctor.

Reducing homocysteine ​​levels in the blood: Studies indicate that high levels of homocysteine ​​(in English: Homocysteine) in the blood are associated with an increased risk of heart disease and strokes.

Therefore, people with levels higher than 11 micromol/L in the blood are advised to take folic acid supplements in addition to vitamin A. B12 .

It is worth noting that people with kidney disease have significantly increased levels of homocysteine, and therefore it is believed that these people should take folic acid supplements.

People at risk of folic Acid Deficiency

It is rare for a person to suffer from a clear deficiency in folic acid , but some people have insufficient levels of it, and these people include: [3]

Women of childbearing age: A woman who is able to become pregnant and give birth must have sufficient levels of folic acid, in order to avoid giving birth to a child with neural tube defects.

Pregnant women: A woman’s need for folic acid increases during pregnancy, due to its role in manufacturing nucleic acids.

A pregnant woman’s consumption of folic acid from its natural sources may not be sufficient, and therefore she is advised to take folic acid pills to ensure that she obtains sufficient needs of it.

People who suffer from malabsorption: Some people suffer from disorders that affect the absorption of nutrients, and these disorders include wheat allergy (in English: Celiac disease), or inflammatory bowel disease (in English: Inflammatory bowel disease), and these disorders may lead to deficiency. Folate in the body.

Symptoms of folic acid deficiency

The rates of folic acid deficiency have decreased significantly compared to previous periods, because the flour used in bread is fortified with folic acid, but its deficiency may cause some side effects, including: Anemia caused by folic acid deficiency (in English:

Folic acid deficiency anemia), because folic acid is involved in the production and maintenance of red blood cells, and therefore its deficiency causes a lack of oxygen reaching the cells, and one of the symptoms that appear in people with anemia Caused by folic acid deficiency:

Sources of Folic Acid

Folic acid can be obtained from natural sources, or from nutritional supplements, and from its sources.

  • Food sources: Folate is found naturally in many foods.
  • Spinach, liver, and asparagus are among the richest sources of folic acid. Other sources include:
  • Nutritional supplements: Folic acid is available as a nutritional supplement alone, or in multivitamins in doses of approximately 400 micrograms, and it can also be available with a group of B vitamins.

Maximum Acceptable Level of Folic Acid

Despite the many benefits of folic acid, excessive consumption can be dangerous. As it can increase the risk of some types of cancer , such as colorectal cancer, it is worth noting that consuming folic acid from its food sources does not cause any side effects, and the following table represents the maximum acceptable level (UILs) for short. ) of folic acid according to age groups:

Related :

Zaheer Ahmad

I am Zaheer Ahmad. Currently I am doing P.hd on Human Nutrition and Dietetics from Sorbonne University. Previously, I have also done masters in Molecular Nutrition and Food Technology.

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