Difference between Biodiversity and Ecosystem in tabular form

Biodiversity and ecosystem are two different but related concepts. Biodiversity defines the wide variety of living things that inhabit an ecosystem, biodiversity includes ecosystems and the variations within each species. The ecosystem is a biological system made up of a community of organisms and the physical environment where they develop.


It is also known as biological diversity to living beings in all their great variety that inhabit the Earth and the patterns that make it up that arise as a result of billions of years of return or due to the evolution of human activities.

It understands the great variety of ecosystems and the genetic differences within each species that allow the combination of various forms of life. It refers to the number of populations of different organisms and species. It also includes the diversity of lasting interactions between species and their environment or biotope as well as the ecosystem in which organisms live.

Three levels of biodiversity are distinguished:

  • Genetics or intraspecific diversity.
  • Specific or systematic diversity.
  • Ecosystemic.


Ecosystems are a biological system made up of communities of living organisms (biocenosis) and the physical environment in which they develop (biotope). It is the unit composed of interdependent organisms that share the same habitat.

Ecosystems can be linked showing the interdependence of the organisms that exist within the system.

An ecosystem is a biological community that includes the place and the chemical and physical factors that constitute the abiotic environment. Biotic and abiotic factors are linked by trophic chains that represent the flow of energy and nutrients in ecosystems.

Differences between biodiversity and ecosystem

  • The ecosystem is a natural system that is formed by a set of living beings and the physical environment where they live and interact.
  • Biodiversity includes living things in all their variety that inhabit the Earth and in the patterns of growth as a result of evolution.

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