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Have you ever wondered about glow in the dark fireflies? Do you know what it is? This phenomenon is known as bioluminescence. It is defined as the ability of organisms to produce light in their bodies.

The property of bioluminescence serves a number of purposes in bioproduction. We will also learn more about the importance of bioluminescence below.


What is Bioluminescence?

Bioluminescence is a natural phenomenon in which an organism produces and emits light due to a chemical reaction in which chemical energy is converted into light energy.

The glow of fire ants in summer nights is produced as a result of the reaction of medicine in their glowing bellies. Bioluminescence is due to the chemiluminescence reaction in which the enzyme luciferase catalyzes the luciferin dye. Most cycles use energy.

This reaction takes place inside or outside the cell. Many organisms produce luciferase to help speed up the speed of their reactions. Some organisms bind oxygen to the photoprotein luciferin. It illuminates the moment when the ion is present.

Purpose of Bioluminescence

  • Survival in dark environments like the depths of the ocean
  • Attract prey. Anglerfish, for example, have a light in front of them
  • Protection from a predator. Example: Squids secrete a bioluminescent fluid to protect themselves from predators
  • attracting partners during mating. For example, crustaceans and worms

Examples of bioluminescence

Many marine organisms appear very bright with the color emitted usually green or blue and in some cases red has also been observed In addition to marine organisms, bioluminescence is also found in terrestrial organisms, precisely invertebrates such as fireflies, worms, larvae – insects are bioluminescent. found in the genus Ctenophora. A brief description of organisms exhibiting biluminescence is given below.

The black dragonfish is a scaleless fish that looks amazing. They are found living in the depths of the ocean and have specialized organelles known as photocells.

The organ structures seem to be smallest near the body and the larger particles of light are just below the eyes wrapped vertically under the tin In addition to producing the traditional blue-green color they can emit bright red to help them find their prey in the dark.

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