- Fine motor skills, reading or pre-reading
- Phonemic awareness
- Memory and concentration
- Flexible thinking
- Set school knowledge such as adding, subtracting, dividing, etc.
- Promote combination and classification functions
- Raise attention
- Promote collective or group work
For all these reasons, it can be said that board games not only help a child keep busy, but also favor the learning and assimilation of different functions.
Examples of board games for kids
This game helps stimulate fine motor skills, coordinate images, and encourage the practice of the first words.
Age: between 4 and 7 years old (depending on each child)
It is an alternative to Bingo.
The game consists of matching the words with the image to which each one corresponds. In this way, the association of each image with its corresponding word is achieved. There are also versions of Zingo with numbers and even bilingual.
- Super Why ABC
This is an excellent game to help children learn to read. It is usually recommended to stimulate phonemic awareness, basic reading, recognize the alphabet, and learn to rhyme.
Helps children recognize uppercase and lowercase letters as well as recognize a word in context.
- Sequence (for children)
This game tries to develop memory, stimulate visuospatial skills, and stimulate reading.
The game is to deal with some cards where the images of animals are. Then each player must place, on the board that is on the table, red chips on those animals that match their cards.
The game has many variations depending on the abilities and age of each child.
- Puzzle or Puzzle
Fine motor functions, teamwork, in-game discipline, patience, shape, and color orientation, as well as observation, is being stimulated with any puzzle.
As we all know, the puzzle consists of putting together an image with the different parts of the puzzle.
- Recessed blocks
The blocks help the stimulation of visual and spatial skills, the coordination and programming of projects or sequences (in case of forming towers or something similar).
The blocks are especially used in children between 4 and 8 years of age. There are, in turn, different varieties in terms of their size.
This is one of the games that is known as “free” since, unlike others, it is not necessary to follow an order of players, rules, etc. but, on the contrary, it allows the child to organize what mode you want to play.
It is a game widely used to assess the child’s creativity as well as to observe other disorders such as aggressiveness, frustration or fear among others.
This game is widely used to promote the functions of order, teamwork, competition, logical sequence, patience, the distinction of colors, compliance with the rules (through the prizes-punishments that the game itself has) among others.
- It is used with children from 5 years of age.
- It can be played in teams of up to 4 players.
- This game consists of rolling the dice from a starting point, each player has his own chip.
- As the game progresses, players will strive to roll the dice to reach the goal and win the game.
- Monopoly (monopoly)
With this type of game, it is possible to introduce children to the valuation of money, its exchange, the possibilities of self-administration, and the consequences of mishandling it.
In the game, you start with a certain initial amount of money. As the dice are rolled the players try to buy different properties. If the property already has an owner, you must pay rent (rent) to the owner.
This game stimulates fine motor coordination, the elaboration of abstract thinking, the production of sequential thinking (since many compound words need to be drawn separately. This requires each player to transform, discriminate and understand the words and their meaning).
It is usually used in children older than 7 years. In this game, each player has a chip. After rolling the dice you must advance to a box, draw a card where you will be asked to draw something. Each player must develop mimic or graphic skills so that the rest of the players can guess the drawn word.
The Scrabble game encourages word construction, correct spelling, and sequential alphabet functions. The game consists of spontaneously forming words or phrases taking into account the letters that each child has on his board.
It also serves to know the type of words that the child has decided to form. It is not the same to form the word “worse” than to form the word “but” since the first has a negative charge while the second is only a connector between sentences but both have the same letters.
- Checkers and chess
With checkers and chess, advanced cognitive functions are stimulated since the game requires knowledge of rules and mobility or not of certain pieces. On the other hand, each player requires fine motor coordination (the placement of the pieces) as well as the elaboration of sequential strategies to reach the objective of the game.
These games are used in children over 7 or 8 years old.nThe checkers game consists of moving the tiles diagonally to “ eat ” the opponent’s tiles.
On the other hand, chess consists of the location of different tiles that have different functions with respect to each other.
Thus some tiles can advance diagonally (for example the bishop), others will do it straight (the rook), others can advance several squares at once (the rook, the bishop, the queen) while others can only advance one locker at a time (the pawn and the king).