Difference Between Breathing and Respiration

Respiration and cellular respiration are the defining characteristics of organisms. However, these terms are not mutually exclusive, and there are important differences between them.

Also, please note that cellular respiration and metabolic respiration are two different processes. In this article, we will discuss the difference between cellular respiration and respiration.

Cellular respiration is a biochemical process to release energy that can be used by our body cells to perform various daily activities such as walking, sitting, running and many other life processes.

Respiration is the biological process in which oxygen is drawn in and carbon dioxide is expelled from the lungs to improve air exchange in living cells, organs and other parts of the human body.

What is Breathing?

Physiologically, respiration can be defined as the action of air or liquid passing over a respiratory structure such as gills or lungs to facilitate the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide from the environment to produce a process known as respiration.

What is Respiration?

Respiration can be defined as a biological process in which the cells of an organism obtain energy from oxygen and glucose and release ATP, carbon dioxide and water.

Energy is used in various daily activities such as walking, running, sitting, almost all of them. systems of the body. It plays a vital role in maintaining the systemic functions of our communities.

Difference Between Breathing and Respiration


Cellular Respiration


Breathing involves the process of inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide Cellular respiration is the process of breaking down glucose to produce energy, which is then used by cells to carry out the cellular function.

Process Occurrence

Breathing takes place in the lungs. Also involves the nose, mouth and pharynx Respiration takes place in cells

Type of Process

Breathing is voluntary as well as an involuntary physical process. (For example, breathing during sleep is involuntary. Voluntary breathing is observed when we sing, speak, swim or for relaxation techniques) Respiration is an involuntary chemical process.

Production of Energy

There is no production of energy in this process. Energy is produced and released in the form of ATP.

Cellular Activity

As it occurs outside cells, it is called the extracellular process. (Occurs between the organism and the external environment) As it occurs inside cells, it is called the intracellular process.

Enzyme used

No enzymes are used during the process. A large number of enzymes are used during the process.

Associated Organs

Breathing occurs through respiratory organs, including the nose, lungs, etc. Respiration takes place in cells and cell organelles, including mitochondria, etc.

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