Difference Between Carpel and Pistil

Difference Between Carpel and PistilThis book explores flowers and flowering plants, focusing primarily on the structure and function of angiosperms.

What is Carpel?

The fourth whorl present in the center is the carpel. This consists mainly of the style, stigma and ovary – the female parts of the flower. A flower can have one or more petals.

What is Pistil?

The pistil is the female organ that contains the seeds inside the flower. It generally reaches the middle and has a swollen base called an ovary. A pistil can also be called a collection of carpels, fused together.

Difference Between Carpel and Pistil



Part of a Flower

Female reproductive structures in a flower. Ovule or seed-bearing female organ of a flower.

Composed of

Comprising an ovary, stigma and style. Composed of a variable number of carpels.

Egg Cells

Functions by producing egg cells. There is no production of egg cells.


Undergoes fertilization. No fertilization occurs.

Seed production

There is a production of seeds. There is no production of seeds.


Helps in seed dispersal. Serves as the female reproductive part of the flower.


The total number of styles in the flower helps to distinguish the number of carpels. The total number of ovaries in the flower helps to distinguish the number of pistils.


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