Difference Between Cytosol and Cytoplasm

Cells are the basic organ of life for all organisms. Cytoplasm and cytoplasm are the two divisions of cells. The intracellular fluid inside the cytoplasm is the cytoplasm. Cytosol is often confused with cytoplasm but it must be understood that the two are separate structures.

Difference Between Cytosol and Cytoplasm

What is Cytosol?

The cytoplasm is the part of the cell surrounded by the cell membrane. All cellular components are present in the cytoplasm. It helps in major cellular functions such as glycolysis or nuclear division.

The aggregate inside the membrane is called the endoplasm, whereas, the outer part of the cytoplasm is called the outer plasma.

What is Cytoplasm?

The cytosol is known as the matrix of the cytoplasm. This is about cellular components in eukaryotes. All metabolic changes in prokaryotes occur here.

Thus, we can speculate that the cytoplasm is the content of the total cell membrane such as the water in the cytoplasm.

Difference Between Cytosol and Cytoplasm

Cytosol Cytoplasm
Cytosol is a fluid present in the cell membrane Cytoplasm is a cell component present inside the cell membrane
It is composed of soluble ions, water, water-soluble proteins and molecules It is composed of enzymes, water, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and inorganic ions.
All the chemical reactions in prokaryotes occur here Involved in large cellular activities like cell division and glycolysis
Transportation of molecules and Signal transduction take place in the cytosol Cytokinesis, nuclear division and signal transduction take place in the cytoplasm
Diversity is low Diversity is high compared to the cytosol


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