Often the terms “data” and “information” are used interchangeably. However, there is a subtle difference between the two.
In short, data can be numbers, symbols, colors, words, symbols, graphics, etc. On the other hand, information is contextualized data. Information is used by people in some basic way (such as making decisions, making predictions, etc.).
A prime example of information would be computers. A computer uses programming scripts, formulas, or computer programs to convert data into information.
Let’s take a closer look at the difference between data and information in the column listed below.
What is Data?
Data is a collection of raw, unstructured facts, texts, observations, images, symbols, object descriptions, etc. In other words data has no specific purpose, has no meaning in itself Also, data is measured in bits and bytes – those for storage. , processing in the computer and are the basic units of information in the environment.
What is Information?
Information is processed, organized and data filtered. It gives context to the data and enables decision making. For example, the sales of a customer in a store is data – this is information with which a business can determine which foods are more or less popular.
Difference Between Data and Information
|Data is unorganised and unrefined facts
|Information comprises processed, organised data presented in a meaningful context
|Data is an individual unit that contains raw materials which do not carry any specific meaning.
|Information is a group of data that collectively carries a logical meaning.
|Data doesn’t depend on information.
|Information depends on data.
|Raw data alone is insufficient for decision making
|Information is sufficient for decision making
|An example of data is a student’s test score
|The average score of a class is the information derived from the given data.