Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Nutrients are chemical substances that are necessary for the proper functioning of cells, organs and tissues in all organisms. Our bodies need adequate nutrients, which are essential for various body functions, such as growth, repair and defense against pathogens.

Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Since our bodies cannot synthesize these nutrients by themselves, they must be provided through food and other external sources.

There are two types of nutrients

  • Micronutrients
  • Macronutrients

What is Micronutrients ?

Plant-based foods are needed in large quantities because our bodies cannot produce them on their own. These macronutrients provide energy and support the body’s various processes of metabolism, growth and development. Bulk ingredients include fats, proteins, proteins, vitamins and minerals.

What is Macronutrients?

Plant-derived nutrients needed in very small amounts and primarily responsible for preventing infectious diseases by fighting pathogens including bacteria, viruses and fungi, repairing damaged cells and tissues – Substances include calcium, iron, vitamins, iron, mineral soils and vitamin C.

Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients




Required in very minute quantities. Required in larger quantities.


Prevents diseases. Provides energy.

Consequences of Deficiency

Deficiency results in Anemia, Goiter, Scurvy, etc. Deficiency results in Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, Malnutrition,  etc.

Consequences of Overconsumption

Overconsumption of Vitamins leads to liver and nerve damage. Overconsumption of macro-nutrients results in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, etc.


Available in a minute concentration in the body, less than 1 mg/gm. Available in high concentration in the body, equal to 1 mg or 1000 microgram.


Also called trace elements. Also known as major elements.


Vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Carbohydrate, protein and fats.


Antioxidants, Minerals, and Vitamins are examples of macro-nutrients. Proteins, fibre, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of micro-nutrients.


Are found in fruits, vegetables, eggs, fermented foods, green leafy vegetables, etc. Are found abundantly in cereals, fish, legumes, meat, nuts, oilseeds, potatoes, yam, etc.


Micro-nutrients contribute to body growth and disease prevention. Provides energy required for the metabolic system.

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