BiologyDifferences

Difference Between Monocot Leaf and Dicot Leaf

difference between dicot and monocot leaf in tabular formHistorically, plants are classified into two groups based on the number of leaves or whorls. Therefore, the term “single rock” refers to flowering plants that have only one stem. Similarly, the term “dicot” refers to flowering plants that have two leaves.

Apart from the number of cotyledons, the two types of plants exhibit very different characteristics from each other with respect to other parts of the plant – such as leaves, stems and leaves.

What is Monocot Leaf?

The flower stems have opposite heads, which means that the veins run parallel to each other. This vascular system allows efficient transport of nutrients and water. Pulse packages can be large or small. Veins are scattered and do not form a network. They are long and narrow and have an isosceles configuration. This shape increases the surface area exposed to sunlight and facilitates photosynthesis.

Unilateral leaf margins are usually smooth and entire. This smooth edge helps reduce water loss through evaporation and provides excellent protection against pathogens. They have a tuber-like base that wraps around the stem. This additive provides support and protection for the plant’s growing environment.

They reproduce asexually by vegetative propagation. Unilateral leaf buds are dumbbell-shaped and located on the upper and upper side of the leaf. Some apical leaves have small intercellular spaces. The hypodermis of the middle layer is composed of sclerenchyma.

What is Dicot Leaf?

Double leaves, on the other hand, are found on roses and sunflowers on oaks and double trees. Bipinnate leaves have toothed or notched edges. Their leaves are bean-shaped and located at the base of the leaf.

Mesophyll cells in diploid leaves are heterogeneous, with palisade mesophyll at the top for photosynthesis and spongy mesophyll at the bottom for gas exchange and nutrient storage.

Difference Between Monocot Leaf and Dicot Leaf

Dicot Leaves Monocot Leaves

Shape

Dicot plants have leaves that are relatively smaller and broader than monocot plants Monocot plants have leaves that are characteristically longer and slender

Stomata

Stomata in dicot leaves are kidney-shaped Stomata in monocot leaves are dumb-bell shaped

Arrangement of Stomata

Dicot leaves are hypostomatic – which means stomata are present on the lower surface of the leaf Monocot leaves are amphistomatic – which means the stomata are present on lower as well as the upper surface

Nature of Orientation

Dorsoventral orientation Isobilateral orientation

Leaf Surface Characteristics

Dicots leaves have a dark green upper surface and a light green lower surface No such differentiation. Both sides have the same colour.

Size of Vascular Bundles

Large Small as well as large vascular bundles are present

Intercellular Space

Due to the presence of mesophyll cells, dicot leaves have large intercellular spaces Monocot leaves have comparatively tighter intracellular space due to the compact arrangement of mesophyll cells

Differentiation of Mesophyll

Differentiated into two parts – upper palisade and lower spongy mesophyll No such differentiation in a monocot leaf

Venation Pattern

Reticulate venation (web-like pattern) Parallel venation (Veins do not join other veins)

Characteristic of the Hypodermis of the Midrib

Collenchymatous Sclerenchymatous

Bundle Sheath Extension

Parenchymatous Sclerenchymatous

 

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