Flowering plants, or angiosperms, are a very diverse group of plants. Most of the plants you see around and control plants fall into this group. Angiosperms are also divided into monocots and dicots. To distinguish between monocots and dicots, we must compare the different structural characteristics of angiosperms, ie. Stem, stalk, leaf and flower |
However, the differences between monocots and diploids begin with the seed, which is the beginning of the plant’s life cycle. The seed refers to the “first cotyledon”, which resides in the ovule. If it is a single-seeded leaf, it is twice as large as one with one leaf.
This small difference at the beginning of a plant’s life cycle makes a big difference for each plant, which we will discuss further in the text. The different characteristics of monophyly and diploids are given in the column listed below.
What is Monocotyledon?
Monocotyledons (Liliopsida) are a genus of flowering plants with more than 75,000 species. They are usually herbaceous. The class name comes from the seed structure, which consists of a single root with a terminal point.
Monosperms have a well-developed endosperm. It usually stores starch and protein, which are necessary for the initial growth of the plant. Monocotyledonous germination is generally hypogeous.
some leaves are simple, with even a bilateral outline. They have straight veins, smooth edges and a thick cuticle that usually covers the stem. The lines are quite spread out on the folio pages. There is no development of the main root, so the root system is spontaneous.
The stem can be hollow or solid. Vascular bundles are scattered throughout the root. Leaves and stems have no cambium and cannot expand lengthwise. Some examples of monocot plants are wheat, bananas, peppers, onions, lilies and capsicums.
What is Dicotyledon?
Dicots (Magnoliopsida) are a group of flowering plants, with more than 175,000 species – from annuals to trees. Two seeds differ by the presence of two lateral leaves in each seed.
Starches, fats or proteins are stored in the litter and used for plant growth before photosynthesis begins. Germination of diploid seeds is hypogeal or epigeal.
Whether simple or complex, leaves have dorsoventral symmetry. They have a grooved or grooved vein, often toothed or pierced with irregular margins. The pillars are located at the base of the leaves. Two ponds show a taproot pattern.
The leaves are robust. The vascular bundles in leaves are smaller than in leaflets and are placed (centrally) in rings. Some examples of dioecious plants are carrots, almonds, peas, radishes and peppers.
Difference Between Monocotyledon vs Dicotyledon
|The monocotyledonous embryos have a single cotyledon||The dicotyledonous embryos have a pair of cotyledons|
|They have a fibrous root system||They have a tap root system|
|Leaves in monocots have parallel venation||Leaves in dicots have reticulate or net venation|
|In monocot flowers, the count of parts of the flower is a multiple of three or equal to three||The count of parts in a dicot flower is a multiple of four or five or equal to four or five|
|The roots and stems of monocotyledons do not possess a cambium and cannot increase in diameter||The roots and stems of dicotyledons possess a cambium and have the ability to increase in diameter|
|A few examples of monocotyledons are garlic, onions, wheat, corn and grass, etc.||A few examples of dicots are beans, cauliflower, apples and pear, etc.|