Then you know it has a bad smell, accumulated toxic fluids, and is unpleasant to look at. Finding alternatives to waste collection can sometimes be difficult, especially as landfills continue to overflow and improper disposal can have environmental consequences.
Few of us are aware that this issue can be resolved to benefit our daily life as well. In fact, discarded waste is a resource because it can be converted into biogas, which can be used as fuel in bioboilers. Biogas refers to a mixture of gases from the production of treated residual waste (food production, animal production, municipal industry, and industrial effluents).
What is Biogas?
Biogas is a renewable energy and is produced under anaerobic conditions. This process involves the breakdown of organic substances by some anaerobic bacteria. Biogas is a mixture of methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Biogas is produced in anaerobic digesters and the whole process is known as a biogas plant.
Methane reduces environmental risk. A biogas plant significantly prevents two important gases produced by human behavior – methane and carbon dioxide.
It also controls other factors that are responsible for dangerously reducing methane gas to carbon dioxide.
Important Facts About Biogas
- Biogas is a mixture of microorganisms. It is a source of renewable energy. Methane is the dominant gas in the biogas mixture.
- Biogas is a hydrocarbon fuel not a fossil fuel. This is because biogas is neither obtained by drilling nor extracted from geological deposits. It is produced naturally or biologically through anaerobic digestion.
- The main uses of biogas are, it is widely used as automobile fuel, gas engines, power generation, heating source and cooking fuel.
- Slurry is the main source of biogas production. It is a mixture, usually composed of a mixture of small particles of manure, organic waste and manure suspended in water.
- Biogas is a mixture of methane, hydrogen, and carbon dioxide, produced by the decomposition of organic matter such as bacteria in the absence of oxygen.
- The organic gas compositions differ after a certain period of time. After one year, the methane content will be 50 to 60 percent, and the carbon dioxide will be 30 to 40 percent.
- Biogas is environmentally friendly, which means converting animal and plant waste into usable energy, thus reducing methane production.
- Biogas is a renewable energy source produced from the breakdown of biomass produced by certain bacteria, resulting in reduced emissions, prevention of air pollution, water pollution, land and soil pollution.
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