Facts about Blood Groups plays an important role in the human body in transporting hormones, nutrients, respiratory gases, nerves, etc. It is known as the connective tissue lymph because blood cells develop connections between different parts of the body.
In addition to transport, blood is also involved in various thermoregulatory processes such as maintaining and regulating body temperature, pH and metabolism.
Scientists believe that the total volume of blood in the human body should be seven eighths of a percent of the total body weight, about 5 to. 5.5 liters or 1.5 It will be gallons or blood
What are Blood Groups?
Blood groups, also called blood groups, can be defined as blood groups, based on the presence or absence of genetically derived antigens on the surface of red blood cells (RBC). Antigens can be carbohydrates, glycolipids, proteins or glycoproteins according to this method. .
Austrian scientist Karl Landsteiner discovered the function of the ABO blood groups in 1900. He received the Nobel Prize for this discovery.
Blood group or blood type is classified in blood, based on the presence and absence of antibodies and genetically derived antigen fragments on the surface of RBC Human blood has 4 major blood groups namely O , A, B and AB, also known as ABO blood type. . There are specific ways to match blood groups for safe transfusions.
Blood group A – Presence of antibodies to RBC antigen A and presence of antibodies to B in plasma.
Blood group B – antigen presence of B antigen on RBCs and A antibodies in plasma.
Blood group AB – presence of antigens A and B on red blood cells and absence of antibody.
Blood group O – absence of A and B antigens in red blood cells and presence of A and B antibodies in plasma.
Interesting Facts about Blood Groups
- A newborn baby has only one cup of blood throughout its body, while a healthy adult has about 1.5 gallons or 4.0 to 5.0 liters of blood circulating in the body.
- Blood type affects personality, which can affect your fertility and belly fat. Women with blood type O are more likely to have fertility problems.
- Blood cells that do not have A or B antigens on their surface are normally found in individuals with the O blood group.
- Anyone who is healthy, a healthy weight and 17 years of age can donate blood every 3 to 4 months.
- No one can get AIDS or any other infectious disease by donating blood and donating blood takes less than 15 minutes.
- In the ABO blood group, anyone with blood types A, B and AB can be classified as AB blood type.
- Blood type AB is known as a “universal recipient” because AB+ people can accept blood from any other blood type. AB- is the rarest blood type, making up less than 1% of the population. A person with type AB blood can receive blood from all three negative blood types.
- Blood type O is called “universal donor” because O+ is the most common blood type in the ABO type. This blood group is found in about 37 to 40 percent of the population. O- is a rare blood type as it is found in 6 to 7 percent of the general population.
- A+ is the third blood type in the ABO system. Thirty percent of people have blood type A+. A- is a rare blood type, with less than 10 to 15 percent of the population having it.
|Blood Type||Receive Blood From||Donate Blood To|
|A+||A+, A-, O+ and O-||A+ and AB+|
|B+||B+, B-, O+ and O-||B+ and AB+|
|AB+||All blood types||AB+ only|
|O+||O+ and O-||O+, A+, B+ and AB+|
|A-||A- and O-||A+, A-, AB+ and AB-|
|O-||O- only||All blood types|
|B-||B- and O-||B+, B-, AB+ and AB-|
|AB-||AB-, A-, B- and O-||AB+ and AB-|
Like hair color, texture and eye color, blood type is inherited or passed down from our parents. Therefore our blood group depends on the blood groups of the mother or father.
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