Nutrients are food components that are necessary for the proper functioning, growth and development of cells, organs and tissues in our body. These dietary compounds provide energy for repair and growth and help activate various life processes.
What Are Fats?
In simple terms, fat can be described as the most important part of the diet because it plays an important role in maintaining good health. They provide energy and are necessary for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
There are four Different Types of Fats
- Trans Fats
- Saturated Fats
- Monounsaturated Fats
- Polyunsaturated Fats
The human body is well developed to produce different types of fat that are necessary for the body to function properly. They also come from the different foods we eat.
Interesting Facts About Fats
- Fats are complex molecules, including glycerol and fatty acids. These macromolecules facilitate the absorption and transport of vitamins A, D, E and K through the bloodstream.
- In the human body, fat plays an important role in controlling inflammation, blood clotting, brain development and even the production of hormones needed for digestion.
- Healthy fat sources include nuts, fish, vegetable oils, etc. Fat is the main source of energy in the diet, providing about 8 to 9 calories per gram.
- Saturated fats are responsible for bad cholesterol and are found in large amounts in animal products, such as foods such as cheese, butter and red meat, which are high in saturated fat and should be consumed in very small amounts.
- Trans fats are present in many processed foods such as cakes, pastries, cookies, crackers, snacks, fried foods, etc. Trans fats are semi-solid in nature and are produced by hydrogenating vegetable oils.
- Most polyunsaturated fats are found in nuts, avocados, macadamia nuts, olives and olive oil. These are healthy fats that play an important role in maintaining cardiovascular function, maintaining a healthy weight, supporting insulin sensitivity, fat storage and positive energy.
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), also known as unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6), are mainly involved in preventing the growth of cancer cells and also strengthening the immune system.
- High fat intake causes certain health problems like heart attacks, clogged arteries and other heart related problems
- Trans fats are unhealthy fats that are naturally present in many foods including beef, butter, cheese, cream, milk, lamb and other dairy products.
- Fat is one of the most important essential nutrients that should be included in our daily diet to keep us healthy and give us the energy to function properly metabolism.
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