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Facts about Mitochondria

Mitochondria are small, double-enclosed, bean-shaped, colorless cells found in almost all oxygen-breathing organisms such as plants, animals, and other eukaryotic organisms.

Facts about Mitochondria

They float freely within the cell cytoplasm and function as the digestive system and ‘cells. They help in the breakdown of nutrients and the production of high-energy molecules from the cell. Biochemical reactions associated with cellular respiration occur within mitochondria.

What is Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are membranous, bean-shaped, colorless bipartite organelles found in all types of aerobic organisms, including plants, animals, and other eukaryotic organisms.

They play an important role in breaking down nutrients and making energy-containing molecules for cells. Many biochemical processes associated with cellular respiration occur within mitochondria.

The term “mitochondrion” comes from the Greek word for thread-like particles and was first described by a German pathologist – Richard Altmann in the 1890s.

According to research and studies, mitochondrial cell components are generally inherited exclusively from the mother. More interesting and unusual is.

Interesting Facts About Mitochondria

  1. Mitochondria are called the powerhouse of the cell, because these cellular components are responsible for producing ATP, the energy currency of the cell.
  2. Mitochondria are rod-shaped, double-membrane cellular structures with distinct structures and functions. These components are found in animal and plant cells where they produce energy for cellular activities.
  3. Mitochondria can also make their own proteins with the help of their ribosomes.
  4. The total number of mitochondria in a cell varies according to their energy. Cells that require more energy to complete their metabolism will have a particularly high number of mitochondria.
  5. Muscle cells are the only cells with a large number of mitochondria. Muscles basically require a lot of energy for movement and other muscle functions. The necessary energy is supplied by mitochondria.
  6. Programmed cell death, also called apoptosis, typically begins in the mitochondria. Other specialized functions include apoptosis, cell cycle control, cell proliferation, and ammonia detoxification in hepatocytes.
  7. Any abnormality in mitochondrial function can have a direct impact on a person’s health. Symptoms of mitochondrial dysfunction vary from person to person. Alpers disease and Barth syndrome are examples of mitochondrial dysfunction.
  8. Mitochondria resemble some bacteria. Because these cellular components have their DNA located in the matrix and also have a lipid-rich bilayer membrane like the membrane of prokaryotes.
  9. The total number of mitochondria per cell varied. Red blood cells are the only cells in the human body that do not have mitochondria. Other cells, including liver cells and muscle cells, have hundreds and thousands of mitochondria.
  10. Mitochondria vary in size and shape depending on their function. Given the energy demands of the cells, mitochondria respond by rapidly changing their shape.
  11. When cells need more energy, mitochondria grow and mature and then divide to reproduce. When cells need less energy, some mitochondria don’t work or die.

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