Ribosomes are the only cellular components capable of synthesizing proteins and are widely used in the production of antibiotics. Let’s learn some more interesting things about the ribosome.
There are various interesting and surprising things about the ribosome. Very few of them are discussed in detail below.
What are Ribosomes?
The ribosome is a related, molecular cellular component found within living cells. This part of the cell is mainly involved in protein synthesis and this process is called protein synthesis or translation.
In this process, proteins are synthesized with the help of amino acids. Protein synthesis is a fundamental and fundamental function performed by all living cells. Every cell needs ribosomes to make proteins, so ribosomes are called specialized cell organelles.
Interesting Facts About Ribosomes
- Ribosomes are essential cellular components whose function is to synthesize proteins, so they are known as the protein factory of the cell.
- The term “rib” in the ribosome comes from the ribonucleic acid (RNA) that provides the instructions for making proteins.
- There are two different types of ribosomes including 70s, found only in prokaryotic cells and 80s, found only in eukaryotic cells.
- Ribosomes occur in large numbers. More than a thousand ribosomes can be found in a single bacterial cell. While in complex organisms such as humans, plants and animals, a single cell can have as many as hundreds of billions of ribosomes. In some rare cases, the number of ribosomes can even be in the millions.
- Ribosomes are organelles that help make proteins. It is essential for many cellular functions such as proteins, vesicles, damage repair and other chemical processes.
- Ribosomes have a unique structure that is essentially a complex of ribonucleoproteins or RNA proteins. Ribosomes range in size from 20 to 30 nanometers.
- Prokaryotic ribosomes consist of three different rRNA molecules with a small ribosomal subunit – 70s. Eukaryotic ribosomes consist of four different rRNA molecules with a large ribosomal subunit -80s.
- Ribosomes are cellular components that reside inside the cell and have predefined functions, such as synthesizing proteins and other cellular functions.
- Ribosomes are in every living cell on this planet. These cellular components are also found in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, including animal cells, plant cells, and human blood cells.
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