Human sciences are one of those disciplines that study the human being and the manifestations that he carries out in society, usually linked to language, art, thought, culture, and historical formations.
Where are they located?
The subgroup to which the human sciences belong, within the preeminent division in epistemology, is that of the factual sciences: the separation is produced by the nature of the study, which in this case is not about ideal elements but about elements that can be observed, and from which general laws derived from deduction cannot usually be made, but reasonings linked to induction: from the observation of particular facts or cases, it is inferred about generality without (almost always) having the possibility of affirming it in unequivocally.
However, within the factual sciences, there is a division between the natural sciences, which deal with the phenomena that surround the man in his life but do not directly circumscribe him, and the human sciences, which study him precisely in his relationships, behaviors, and behaviors.
The former are often even called ‘ exact sciences ‘ even though they also use inductive reasoning. The latter, the human sciences, are often underestimated and even their scientific science nature is distrusted, due to the lack of generality offered by the knowledge they provide.
On some occasions, an internal classification of the human sciences is made with respect to the social sciences, since the latter (such as economics, sociology, or political science) refers more to the relationships of the individual among them than to their essence.
Because they are important?
The importance of the human sciences is capital, especially at times when changes in the world raise great doubts about where the human species will go: these disciplines allow people to be known through their relationships with peers and with the environment where it lives.
Examples of human sciences
- Philosophy: The science that deals with the essence, properties, causes, and effects of things, answering the most basic existential questions that human beings have and had.
- Hermeneutics: Discipline based on the interpretation of texts, especially those that are considered sacred.
- Theory of religions: Sociological approaches, associated with authors such as Marx, Durkheim, and Weber, who distrusted the separate character of a religion with respect to its social conditioning factors.
- Education: Study of the different conceptions regarding teaching and learning modes, associated with the particular context in which information is transmitted in a unidirectional or multidirectional sense.
- Aesthetics: The so-called ‘science of beauty that studies the reasons and emotions offered by the arts, and why in some cases it is more beautiful than in others.
- Geography: Science in charge of the description of the Earth, also including the ecological environment, the societies that inhabit the world, and the regions that form there.
- History: Science that deals with studying the past of humanity, with an arbitrary starting point located with the appearance of writing.
- Psychology: Science that has human experience as a field of study, because it deals with the analysis of behavior and mental processes of individuals and human groups in different situations.
- Anthropology: Science that studies the physical aspects and also the social and cultural manifestations of human communities.
- Legal Sciences: Discipline that is in charge of studying, interpreting, and systematizing a legal system that achieves the ideal of justice as much as possible.
Other types of science:
- Examples of Pure and Applied Sciences
- Examples of Hard and Soft Sciences
- Examples of Formal Sciences
- Exact Science Examples
- Examples of Social Sciences
- Examples of Natural Sciences