Irony and sarcasm

Difference between Irony and Sarcasm
Difference between Irony and Sarcasm

The Difference between Irony and Sarcasm is given here. The irony is a literary figure whose purpose is to imply something very different or contrary to what is said while sarcasm is a scathing mockery with which the opposite is implied or displeasure is expressed.

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The irony comes from the Greek ‘eirōneía’ which means dissimulation or feigned ignorance. It is a literary figure that seeks to imply something different or contrary to what is written. The sender expects the receiver to perceive the value of the message without explicit indications since it trusts that it detects the opposition between the message and the one to be transmitted by sharing both values ​​and knowledge.

The sender also tends to fear that the ironic meaning is not captured by the receiver, so he usually uses codes that explain its value, usually, if it is written language, an exclamation mark is used enclosed in parentheses, quotation marks, and emoticons in the case of chats.

The French poet Alcantar de Brahm proposed the use of a specific spelling sign to mark the irony “(؟)”, which was not widely accepted. Today “(?)” Is used because of its ease.


It is a scathing mockery that seeks to convey the opposite or express displeasure. The term refers to a rhetorical figure simulating irony. Sarcasm is usually an indirect criticism that, most of the time, is exposed in an obvious way. It is often described as the lowest form of humor and the highest expression of wit, words attributed to Oscar Wilde.

The vowel intonations used to denote sarcasm are very subtle, so their use to express ideas that are not contrary to each other can lead to confusion, especially when there are differences in accent.

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Difference between Irony and Sarcasm

  • The irony is a rhetorical figure that seeks to imply the opposite of what is said.
  • Sarcasm is a cruel mockery that tends to offend by showing dislike.
  • Whoever emits irony does so without the intention of offending, seeking to take things with humor and wit.
  • Sarcasm seeks to offend and whoever expresses it tends to move away from the object of their offense, presenting themselves as an observer.

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