Language and dialect
The Difference between Language and Dialect is given here. There is no basic principle that linguistically differentiates between language and dialect, both are languages, that is, they are verbal communication systems. Therefore, the differences between the two concepts must be made taking into account extralinguistic criteria.
A natural language is one that designates a variety or form of human language that has communicative purposes. It is endowed with syntax and obeys the principles of optimism and economy. Natural languages are considered to be based on a system of sound signs, in some cases on gestural signs.
Natural language is for sociology the ethnic language, that is, typical of a nation or society as opposed to planned languages such as Esperanto, Ido, or Interlingua.
Languages are well-differentiated and leveled systems in their way of use, they also have a relevant literary tradition.
A dialect is a variety of a parent language, therefore, Spanish and Catalan are dialects of Latin regardless of whether they are categorized as languages. Andalusian is a dialect of Spanish, therefore, the linguistic variants of a language are considered dialects regardless of whether they are considered as languages or whether they have the necessary rank to be considered or not, as such.
Other authors and disciplines define a dialect as a linguistic system that does not reach the category of language.
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Difference between Language and Dialect
- A language is a standard linguistic form of communication between speakers that have been established as official.
- A dialect is a linguistic variety of other languages, which can become a language.
- They are considered languages when they differentiate them are so great from each other that the speakers do not understand each other.
- A dialect is a different modality within a language but there is not such a difference that it becomes impossible to communicate.
- A language has phonemes other than its native language.
- A dialect has only different sounds of the same phoneme.
- A language has a rich lexicon, techniques, and scientific terminologies.
- It is considered a dialect when it only has a rural, colloquial and vulgar lexicon.
- A language has been spoken and written for centuries.
- A dialect is spoken and very little is written.