Refugee and asylee
The difference between refugees and Asylee is given here. In general, the confusion between the two terms is due to the fact that they can have the same causes that cause the asylum or refugee person to not be able to return home.
A refugee is someone who leaves their country for fear of being persecuted for political reasons, race, religion, sexual orientation, or gender, among others, while an asylee is a person who leaves their country persecuted for political reasons or crimes by an oppressive state.
The refuge is the institution that protects people who leave their country for reasons of a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, social or political status and are unable to return to their country because their life is in danger. The refugee is guaranteed non-extradition and the right to family unity.
A refugee is a person who seeks shelter in a country bordering his own country due to the fear that causes him to be persecuted for religious causes, war, natural disasters, and more.
According to article 1A of the Convention of July 28, 1951, on United Nations Refugees, a refugee is a person who is not in his country of ethnicity, nationality, religion, membership of a social group or political opinions and who is not wishes or can claim protection in or return to his own country
This concept was expanded in the 1967 Protocol to the Convention, including those fleeing wars and other violent persecution in their country.
Refugees cannot claim the protection of one country, but in order for them to be relocated to a safer place, the other countries (usually bordering) must be willing to provide them with help.
A person ceases to be a refugee when:
- Return to your country or are protected in your country again.
- Regain your nationality voluntarily or receive a new one.
- He cannot refuse to receive the protection of his country because the causes that led to his persecution have already ended.
Asylum is the institution through which a person who is persecuted for crimes and political motives within a State is withdrawn from it as an act of another State, in order to avoid the legal consequences of the repressive organs of his State territorial or the execution of collective violence against his person.
An asylee is a person who cannot return to his / her country of origin for fear of being persecuted. In these cases, you apply for asylum in the country you are in and that is not yours.
It can be of a political nature and it is the right that a person has not to be extradited to their country if they seek to prosecute them for political reasons.
If asylum is granted to people who are in places that, by diplomatic conventions, are considered an extension of the territory of another country, such as embassies and consulates, the ambassador’s residence, and warships anchored in a foreign port, it is called asylum diplomatic.
The asylum emerged as an institution that protected common criminals under the roof of a religious temple. It was not offered to political criminals because the ruler’s anger led him to violate religion.
It was not until the Reform that the political criminal began to be protected and the common criminal was no longer offered asylum. Today only asylum is offered in Foreign territory.
For asylum, the common thing is political persecution, but as persecution against religion, sexual orientation, race and other characteristics of the person can also become political, these also become reasons for requesting asylum.
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Difference between Refugee and Asylee
- Asylum is a legal instrument of a political nature. An asylee is a person who obtains protection in foreign territory for political reasons only.
- The shelter is humanitarian in nature and recognizes those who have a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, sexual orientation, politics, and more.
- Depending on the law of the country, the refugee is requested outside the country in which it is desired to be a refugee.
- Depending on the law, asylum is requested in the territory where it is expected to find asylum, either on its land or in extensions such as embassies and consulates.
- Asylum is applied by one or a few people at a time.
- The shelter can be requested by large groups, even thousands of people.