Synonym and antonym
The Differences between Synonym and Antonym is given here. Synonym and antonym are two terms used to define different words. Synonyms indicate words that share a similar meaning while an antonym defines words with opposite meanings.
Synonyms are words that have a full or similar meaning to another. They are used in Spanish to be used in texts in order not to repeat words and enrich the speech. They establish synonymy relationships that are important in lexicographic analysis in order to prepare definitions.
The synonyms not only enrich the language but they can cause a preference for one of the forms over the rest causing them to become obsolete and disappear.
There are words that despite having similar meanings do not behave syntactically the same, this leads us to the types of synonyms:
- Total or strict synonyms: They are those that have the same meaning in all linguistic contexts.
- Partial or contextual synonyms: They have the same meaning in many contexts but not in all. They can vary according to context and geography.
- Referential synonyms: They do not mean the same but indicate common features.
- Synonyms of connotation: these are terms that lose their true meaning.
They are words that have opposite meanings. They belong to the same grammatical category.
There are three classes of antonyms:
- Graduated: The two words gradually oppose each other. For example, cold and hot, because between them there is warm and warm.
- Complementary: The meaning of one can eliminate that of the other. They are incompatible with each other.
- Reciprocal: They establish a relationship from the opposite point of view, they do not exist without one another.
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Differences between Synonym and Antonym
- Synonyms are expressions or words that bear a semantic and conceptual relationship or similarity.
- Antonyms are terms that indicate that they are opposite or opposite of each other. They can be gradual, complementary, or reciprocal.