Temperament and Character
It is common to confuse temperament and character. However, they are two different characteristics. To understand what makes them different, we must know the concepts.
It is known as temperament to the individual peculiarity and intensity of the dominant structure of humor and motivation and psychic effects. The word temperament comes from the Latin temperament or measure.
It is known as the natural way in which a human being interacts with the environment that surrounds him. It is considered hereditary and is not influenced by external factors unless they are constant and strong. It is considered as the instinctual-affective layer of the personality. Temperament in conjunction with intelligence and will shape character.
It also includes the ability to adapt, intensity, mood, activity level, accessibility, and regularity. It is the general nature of an individual’s personality.
People according to temperament and according to Hippocrates are classified into:
Character is the way in which the person reacts to a given situation. It depends on the environment, temperament, and intelligence of the individual. Define the profiles of the person, for example, if a person likes to serve, it is considered that their character is altruistic.
The study of character is called characterology.
Strong and weak characters are distinguished. The strength of character is defined as the ability of a person to maintain a choice despite adverse factors.
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Differences between Temperament and Character
- Temperament is the natural way in which human beings interact with their environment. It depends on hereditary factors and not on the environment or external stimuli.
- Character is modeled after temperament and intelligence. It defines the profile of a person and it will depend on the environment. It can be divided into strong and weak characters.