Tuberculosis, also called tuberculosis, is a contagious disease, but it cannot spread easily because the bacteria cannot live on exposed external surfaces and anyone who comes in frequent contact with an infected person is at high risk of contracting the disease.
Therefore, co-workers, close family members, friends, anyone who is close to an infected person, has a high risk of infection.
Tuberculosis is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis – which appears as Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacteria of the Actinobacteria genus. In addition to the lungs, the bacteria can invade and spread to other parts of the body such as the brain, spinal cord and kidneys.
What is Symptoms of Tuberculosis?
Symptoms of tuberculosis (symptoms of tuberculosis) are not immediately apparent. This is because the disease is dichotomous:
As the name suggests, latent tuberculosis is neither infectious nor contagious. Although they may contain the bacteria that cause the disease, an infected person shows no symptoms.
This is because their immune system prevents microbes from spreading, but does not kill them completely. This creates a window of opportunity for the microorganisms to work one day.
Active tuberculosis can make an infected person sick and contagious. Most cases of adult tuberculosis are caused by chronic latent tuberculosis infection.
Characteristic of Tuberculosis Symptoms
- Chest pain
- Weight loss
- Night Sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Excessive fatigue
- Coughing up mucus streaked with blood
Since the discovery of the tuberculosis vaccine, there have been many who have been treated with antibiotics. Because TB is a multisystem disease, a combination of antibiotics can completely cure the infectious disease for months or longer.