Healthy Foods and Vitamins

What is the Boiling Point of Lead

Component Lead

Lead is a silvery-white, or grey, metal. Its chemical symbol is (Pb) and its atomic number is 82. It is one of the elements of group fourteen in the periodic table.

Lead is a malleable metal, highly malleable, with a high density, but it is a conductor. Weak to electricity, chemists believe that it is one of the oldest existing metals, as it was known in ancient times as being used by the Romans continuously to make water pipes , plates, coins, and even cooking utensils, which revealed its toxicity in the era of Augustus Caesar, and it was also used by the Babylonians on A body of plates to record inscriptions.

What is the boiling point of lead

Lead is available in the Earth’s crust on a weight basis in the same abundance as tin, while its global abundance is similar to the abundance of the elements cesium, praseodymium, tungsten, and hafnium, which are reasonably rare elements.

Lead is found in many minerals , and is rarely found in free form in nature. Lead sulfide or galena (galena) is the main source for the manufacture of lead.

It may also be found secondary to a number of other minerals such as anglesite and cerussite. The lead element is extracted by roasting the ore, then melting it in a smelting furnace. It can be melted directly without roasting.

Boiling point of lead

The boiling point of lead is 3180 degrees Fahrenheit, which equals 1749 degrees Celsius. Here are some of the properties of this element:

  • Lead is solid at 20 degrees Celsius.
  • The melting point of lead is 327.462 degrees Celsius.
  • Lead has a density of 11.3 g/cm³.
  • Common oxidation numbers for lead are +2 and +4.
  • The relative atomic mass of lead is 207.2.
  • Lead is a corrosion-resistant metal.

Uses of lead

Lead is used in many uses, including the following:

  • Lead is an important element in the battery industry , as it is consumed at approximately 75% of the total production of it in the battery industry.
  • Credit for manufacturing the first lead battery goes to the French physicist Gaston Plante in the year 1859 AD. Modern batteries have been produced commercially, known as lead-acid batteries. In the year 1889 AD.
  • Lead’s high density makes it effective as a shield against x-rays and in sound barriers.
  • Lead is added to paints and is also commonly used in the glass industry .
  • Lead is used in the manufacture of bearings and welding, and is also important in rubber production and oil refining .
  • Tetraethyl lead was added to gasoline in the 1920s, which helped reduce pre-ignition, knocking, and spoilage, but its harmful and deadly effects led to an increased trend towards getting rid of it, and it was finally banned for all vehicles in 1996.
  • Lead was commonly used in cosmetics in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe , as it was used as a means to make the face appear white, especially in the aristocracy.
  • Queen Elizabeth I of England was one of the most famous users of these preparations, as it was said that the white preparation gave her the mask of youth.

Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning is a danger to human health, which may have very destructive results on the nerves, the brain , and many different parts of the body. Lead poisoning occurs when a person swallows it, inhales it, or absorbs it.

Harmful Effects of Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning causes many harmful effects on the human body, and the following is an explanation of some of these effects on different groups:

Harmful effects on children: Children aged 6 years and younger are most vulnerable to the effects of lead poisoning, which even at low levels may lead to many effects such as behavioral and learning problems, slow growth, low IQ , hyperactivity, anemia, and hearing problems. It may also cause seizures, coma, and death in rare cases.

Harmful effects on pregnant women: Lead is released from the bones of pregnant women along with calcium , which can be transmitted from them to fetuses or infants, which may cause serious effects for them, such as causing premature birth of children or their birth at small sizes, and exposing pregnant women to the risk of miscarriage, and harmful effects.

It affects the child’s kidneys, nervous system, and brain, and increases the likelihood of behavioral problems appearing.

Harmful effects on adults: Lead causes serious effects on adults as well, including increased blood pressure , effects on the heart and blood vessels, decreased kidney function, and reproductive problems in women and men.

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Zaheer Ahmad

I am Zaheer Ahmad. Currently I am doing P.hd on Human Nutrition and Dietetics from Sorbonne University. Previously, I have also done masters in Molecular Nutrition and Food Technology.

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