Difference Between Measles and Rubella

Measles and rubella are two different viral diseases. In general, rubella causes a milder infection than measles but can cause severe birth defects if contracted during pregnancy.

Importantly, rubella is not the same as measles. Although the two diseases have similar symptoms, including a red rash, they are different. These are composed of single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to different families.

Difference Between Measles and Rubella

What is Measles?

Paramyxoviruses causing highly infectious RNA malaria. The malaria virus can survive in the air for up to two hours. The infection can last up to 10 days, but it takes one to two weeks for the disease to take hold. When the disease is in its prodromal phase, transmission is high.
In the long run one becomes contagious. Ninety percent of people infected with measles will develop the disease. When patients cough or sneeze, droplets from their cough or sneeze infect others. Visit the official Vedanta website or download the app for a detailed and accessible explanation.

What is Rubella?

The rubella virus also has RNA as its nucleic acid. Similarly, measles is spread by the products of inhalation, coughing and sneezing. An infected person can be infected for up to a week before showing symptoms. They remain infectious for about two weeks after symptoms appear.

German measles is almost as infectious as measles, so it is also called German measles. Rubella sometimes causes asymptomatic disease. It is not a serious illness except for those with a compromised immune system. The infection usually lasts two to three weeks.

Difference Between Measles and Rubella

Measles Rubella
It is highly contagious It is not as contagious as measles
Symptoms can last up to ten days Symptoms can last up to five days
Presence of the prodromal stage Absence of the prodromal stage
The period of incubation is 1 to 2 weeks The period of incubation is 2 to 3 weeks
It is also known as Rubeola It is also known as German measles
The measles virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family The rubella virus belongs to the Togaviridae family
The rashes are red and flat. White spots called Koplik’s spots might form inside the mouth. Rashes in rubella are fine pink and less intense. Swollen lymph nodes are common.

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