Difference Between Dicot And Monocot Root

All vascular plants are further divided into monocots and dicots. This classification is mostly based on the number of cotyledons. In botany, a cotyledon is defined as the most important part of an embryo – the seed organ.

The word cotyledon comes from the Greek word for embryonic leaf. There are two different types of monocotyledons and dicotyledons.

Difference Between Dicot And Monocot Root

What is Monocot?

Monocots or monocots generally refer to flowering plants or angiosperms with seeds that usually have only one embryonic leaf or cotyledon Peppers, onions, wheat, and grasses are good examples of monocots.

What is Dicot?

Dicots or dicots are generally referred to as flowering plants or angiosperms, the seeds of which usually have two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. Beans, peas, peas, and peas are all good examples of dicots. There are approximately 100,000 to 1.5 million different dioecious plants.

The root system is the underground part of the plant, which plays an important role in the transport of water and other important mineral nutrients from the soil to different parts of the shoot system or the flat parts of the plant.

Difference Between Dicot And Monocot Root

Dicot Root

Monocot Root


Gives rise to cork cambium, parts of the vascular cambium, and lateral roots

Gives rise to lateral roots only

Vascular Tissues

Has a limited number of Xylem and Phloem

Has a higher number of Xylem and Phloem

Shape of Xylem

Angular or Polygonal

Round or Oval

Number of Xylem and Phloem

2 to 8

8 to many


Absent or very small and undeveloped

Larger and well developed

Conjunctive tissue



Secondary growth

Secondary growth occurs

Secondary growth does not occur


Present and formed by the  Conjunctive parenchyma



Usually tetrarch



Comparatively Narrow

Very wide


Older roots are covered by a Cork

Older roots are covered by an Exodermis


Pea, beans, peanuts, etc.

Maize, banana, palm, etc.

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