GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is a condition in which stomach acids leak back into the tube (esophagus) that connects the mouth to the stomach. GERD usually develops in people with chronic acid reflux (or heart disease). In fact, this situation is very unusual.
GERD symptoms can lead to intense burning and discomfort, and in more severe cases can lead to esophageal ulceration. Also, if the condition is left untreated, the risk of cervical cancer increases.
The discomfort caused by GERD can be managed with lifestyle changes. However, some require stronger medications to treat the problem.
- Hiatal hernias
- Lower oesophagal sphincter abnormalities
- Abnormal oesophagal contractions
- Slow emptying of the stomach
What is GERD Symptoms?
Acid reflux or heartburn is one of the most common symptoms of GERD. Apart from these, however, there are other symptoms that are actually rare.
- Hoarseness of voice
- Difficulty breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Acid can wear away the enamel of the teeth, causing tooth decay
- Barrett’s oesophagus – No symptoms, but increases the risk of oesophageal cancer
- Persistent cough
- Burning sensation in the chest
GERD can be treated with proton pump inhibitors. They reduce the amount of acid in the stomach.
In conclusion, these are some of the most common symptoms of GERD. Common treatments for GERD include antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and H-2 receptor antagonists.